贵州医科大学学报

1993, (01) 7-14

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中国蚊类的区系分布和地理区划
Faunal Distribution of Mosquitoes of China (Diptera : Culicidac)

陈汉彬;
Chen Hanbin Department of Biology

摘要(Abstract):

本文根据地带性原则和以自然区划为基础的原则,对我国蚊类的区系分布和地理区划的下述三个问题进行再探讨:一、我国蚊类区系分布具有不平衡性、邻近区系的相似性和明显的地方性等特点;二、从蚊类分布看我国东洋、古北二界的划线问题;三、关于我同蚊类的三级地理区划。
According to ths mosquito liss of China and the mosquito specimens examined, the author is now in a position to estimats that there are 357 species of mosquitoes belonging to 17 genera, 3 subfamilies in China. Among the 357 species of mosquitoes, 275 are Oriental, whereas 67 are Palaearctic, and the rest are cosmopolitan or interregional species. The Oriental elements are much more predominant than the Palaearctic ones. The mosquito fauna in China can be divided into 3 subregions and 7 districts:The North-Eastern district (with 66 species) and Northern China district (44) belonging to Manchurian subregion, Mongolian-Xinjiang district (12) and Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau district (21) belonging to Centro-Asian subregion of Palaearctic region; The Central China district (124), South-Western China district (93) and Southern China district(257) belonging to Indo-Chinese subregion of Oriental gerion.On the otherhand,the mosquito fauna of China shows a district endemic character, since 63 species (about 18%) are so far limited only to China. On the basis of the Zoogeographical divisions of Chinese mosquitoes, especially Culex pipiens complex, the auther suggests emendation of the border line between the Palaearctic and Oriental region in China.

关键词(KeyWords): 蚊类;区系分布;地理区划;中国
mosquitoes;faunal;distribution;China

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作者(Author): 陈汉彬;
Chen Hanbin Department of Biology

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