贵州医科大学学报

2018, v.43;No.215(08) 924-927+932

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贵阳市机关职工体检人群血脂异常患病率现况调查
Prevalence Study of Dyslipidemia in Physical Check Population of Government Staff in Guiyang

唐恺;杨大刚;王惠群;孙晓红;
TANG Kai;YANG Dagang;WANG Huiqun;SUN Xiaohong;Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,Guizhou Medical University;Department of Clinical Nutrition,Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:调查贵阳市机关职工体检人群血脂异常患病率现况。方法:收集2013年贵阳市机关职工体检资料,包括性别、年龄、血清甘油三酯(TG)、血清总胆固醇(TC)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)水平,分析不同性别各年龄组体检者高TG血症、高TC血症及低HDL-C血症异常患病率分布。结果:体检者共62 359例,男性33 886例(54.34%),女性28 453例(45.66%),总的血脂异常患病率为64.86%,血脂异常患病率随受试者年龄的增长呈上升趋势(P<0.05),男性高于女性(P<0.05);<50岁的各年龄组男性血脂异常患病率高于女性(P<0.05),≥55~<85岁的各年龄组男性血脂异常患病率低于女性(P<0.05);体检者总高TG、高TC血症及低HDL-C血症异常患病率分别为34.18%、31.22%、23.21%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);其中,高TG血症异常率比较,<60岁各年龄组男性高于女性,≥60~<85岁的各年龄组男性低于女性(P<0.05);高TC血症异常率比较,<50岁各年龄组男性高于女性,≥50岁的各年龄组男性低于女性(P<0.05);低HDL-C血症异常率在所有年龄组男性低于女性(P<0.05)。结论:贵阳市机关职工总体高TG血症、高TC血症及低HDL-C血症异常患病率较高。
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in physical check population of government staff in Guiyang. Methods: Collecting following data from 2013 government staff physical check: gender,age,TG,TC,HDL-C level,analyzing abnormal prevalence distribution of high TG disease,high TC disease and low HDL-C disease according to gender and age differences. Result: Of the total 62 359 physical check participants,there were 33 886 males( 54. 34%),28 453 females( 45. 66%),total dyslipidemia prevalence was 64. 86%; dyslipidemia prevalence rate increased with the increasement of age of patients( P < 0. 05),that of males were higher than that of females( P <0. 05); comparison among age groups under 50,morbidity of male was higher than that of female( P <0. 05); while in age groups from≥55 to < 85,morbidity of males was lower than that of female( P <0. 05). Total dyslipidemia morbidity of participants were 34. 18%,31. 22% and 23. 21% respectively,differences were statistical significant( P < 0. 05). According to the results,high TG disease abnormal ratio showed that,age groups below 60 showed males were higher than that of female,age groups over 60 showed males were lower than females( P < 0. 05).Comparison of high TC disease abnormal ratio showed that,age groups below 50,males were higher than females,age groups over 55,males were higher than female; low HDL-C disease abnormal ratio in all age groups showed lower ratio in male than female( overall P < 0. 05). Conclusion: The prevalence of dyslipidemia of government staff in Guiyang was higher than that of national level.

关键词(KeyWords): 甘油三酯;总胆固醇;高密度脂蛋白胆固醇;血脂异常
triglycerides;total cholesterol;high-density lipoprotein cholesterol;dyslipidemia

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科学技术基金[黔科合J字(2012)2043号]

作者(Author): 唐恺;杨大刚;王惠群;孙晓红;
TANG Kai;YANG Dagang;WANG Huiqun;SUN Xiaohong;Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,Guizhou Medical University;Department of Clinical Nutrition,Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University;

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DOI: 10.19367/j.cnki.1000-2707.2018.08.012

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