贵州医科大学学报

2015, v.40;No.175(04) 388-390

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6742名小学生屈光状态调查
Investigation and Analysis of Refractive Statws of 6742 Pupils in Different Grades

张丽娟;裴付彬;席秀芝;邵娟;
ZHANG Lijuan;PEI Fubing;XI Xiuzhi;SHAO Juan;Sanitary Bureau of Xinhua District;People's Hospital of Cangzhou City;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:调查不同年级小学生人群的屈光状态及年级分布的特点。方法:1~6年级学生,按年级分组为6组;采用标准对数视力表(GB11533-89)对学生的裸眼视力及屈光度进行检查,检查结果按照年级统计。结果:在13 484只眼中,视力1.0以上者(包括1.0)9 185,占受检总数的68.12%,小于1.0者4 299眼,占31.88%,视力低下率为31.88%;近视眼3 994眼,占受检总数的29.6%,远视眼297眼,占2.2%,其他眼病8眼,占0.06%;1~6年级视力低下检出率逐渐增高,且各年级学生视力低下率比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:沧州市新华小学在校小学生视力低下发生率较高,其中近视为主要因素,屈光矫正不足较严重,因此加强近视防治工作以及减少视力损害,对提高儿童屈光不正矫正质量有重要意义。
Objective: To investigate vision and ametropia of the primary school students and analyze distribution characteristics of vision problems in different grades. Methods: The pupils were divided into six groups according to their grades and the standard logarithmic visual acuity chart was adopted in this study to investigate their naked vision and ametropia. The statistics was conducted according to their grades. Results: A total of 7 000 primary school students were examined and complete information of 6 742 students was collected. Among the 13 484 eyes,there were 9 185 eyes whose vision was above 1. 0( including 1. 0),accounting for 68. 12% of the total number of the subjects; there were4 299 eyes whose vision was under 1. 0,accounting for 31. 88% of the total number of the subjects.Poor eyesight rate was 31. 88%. There were 3 994 myopic eyes,accounting for 29. 6% of the total number of subjects; there were 297 presbyopia eyes,accounting for 2. 2% of total number. In addition,there were 8 diseased eyes,accounting for 0. 06% of total number. There was a significant increase of poor vision from grade one to grade six. There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of myopia in different grades,and showed statistical significance between grades. Conclusion: The incidence of poor vision of students in Xinhua district of Cangzhou city is very high,with myopia being the most common. Meanwhile,there exists serious shortage of refractive correction.Thus,it is significant to strengthen the prevention and control of myopia and reduce visual impairment so that refractive correction can be enhanced.

关键词(KeyWords): 视力;屈光状态;小学生;近视;远视;调查
vision;refractive situation;pupils;myopia;hyperopia;investigation

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作者(Author): 张丽娟;裴付彬;席秀芝;邵娟;
ZHANG Lijuan;PEI Fubing;XI Xiuzhi;SHAO Juan;Sanitary Bureau of Xinhua District;People's Hospital of Cangzhou City;

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