贵州医科大学学报

2012, (02) 148-151

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贵阳市12~18岁中学生体质指数标准探讨
A Study on the Standard of Body Mass Index among 1 917 Middle School Students Aged 12~18 Years in Guiyang City

杨年年;聂四平;
YANG Niannian1,NIE Siping2(1.Department of Health Management,Nursing Vocational College of Guiyang City,Guiyang 550003,Guizhou,China; 2.College of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:研究贵阳市12~18岁中学生营养状况,探讨已有体质指数(BMI)标准值的适用性及建立新标准的必要性。方法:以贵阳市1 917例12~18岁中学生为研究对象,其中男性930名,女性987名;现场测量样本身高、体重,以WGOC和中国学生体质与健康研究组标准为参比标准,比较肥胖、超重及营养不良检出率。结果:参比WGOC标准,本次男、女性中学生的超重检出率分别为12.15%和8.21%,肥胖检出率为8.17%和3.65%;参比中国学生体质与健康研究组标准,本次男、女性中学生的超重检出率为9.46%和11.44%,肥胖检出率为17.52%和10.44%,营养不良检出率分别为18.92%和17.12%,与WGOC标准所得结果不一致。结论:参比两种标准,贵阳市中学生的超重、肥胖情况虽然不高,但由于所得结果不一致,营养不良情况在WGOC标准中不能判定出,因而无法准确判断贵阳市中学生的营养状况,所以有必要建立适宜我国儿童青少年的BMI标准值。
Objective: To study the nutritional status of middle school students of Guiyang city,and to explore the applicability of existed body mass index(BMI) criteria and the importance of establishment of new BMI criteria.Methods: Total 1917 middle school students aged 12~18 years including 930 male and 987 female students in Guiyang city were served as study subjects.Height and weight of them were measured.Results: Based on WGOC criteria,the overweight rates of boys and girls were 12.15% and 8.12% respectively.Obesity rates of them were 8.17% and 3.65%,respectively.Based on standard of Chinese students' constitution and health research group,the rates of overweight,obesity,and malnutrition of boys and girls were 9.46% and 11.44%,17.52% and 10.44%,18.92% and 17.12% respectively.The results were different.Conclusions: Although rates of overweight and obesity in middle school students are not high,the results based on the two criteria are different,especially the malnutrition status of samples couldn't be acquired by using WGOC criteria.Thus,it's hard to get a real nutritional status of middle school students.It's necessary to establish the feasible BMI criteria for Chinese children and adolescents.

关键词(KeyWords): 学生;体质指数;营养状况;参考标准
students;body mass index,nutritional status,reference standards

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作者(Author): 杨年年;聂四平;
YANG Niannian1,NIE Siping2(1.Department of Health Management,Nursing Vocational College of Guiyang City,Guiyang 550003,Guizhou,China; 2.College of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China)

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