贵州医科大学学报

2008, (04) 351-353+356

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中年教师心理健康状况分析
Psychological Health Status of 383 Middle-aged Teachers

朱焱;邓冰;欧爱华;
ZHU Yan1,DENG Bing1,OU Aihua2 (1.School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China;2.Scientific Research Division,Guangzhou Chinese Traditional Medicine University,Guangzhou 510000,Guangdong,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:了解中年教师心理健康状况,为预防该人群心理健康提供科学依据。方法:采用分层整群抽样方法获得资料,对383例教师的心理健康状况进行分析,并与383例非教师对照人群进行t检验及方差分析。结果:4.7%教师存在各种心理健康问题,心理健康状况总体较全国常模好;女教师躯体化因子得分高于男教师(P<0.01),中年教师的躯体化因子、强迫因子、抑郁因子、敌对因子、偏执因子等得分高于非教师人群(P<0.05)。结论:本次抽检的中年教师心理健康状况较全国常模为好;相对于非教师职业人群,中年教师心理健康值得关注。
Objective: To understand the psychological health status of middle-aged teachers and to provide scientific basis for prevention of mental disease in this population.Methods: Data of 383 middle-aged teachers were collected by using cluster-stratified sampling method.The mental health status indicated as factor scores of SCL-90 was analyzed and compared with those of 383 controls by using t test and variance analysis.Results: Of these middle-aged teachers,4.7% had different kinds of psychological problems.The psychological status of them was generally better than the average of the state.The somatization scores of female teachers were higher than those of males(P<0.01).The scores of somatization,obsession,dumps,antagonize,crankimess and psychotics in teachers were significantly higher than those in control population.Conclusions: The mental health status of middle-aged teachers is better than that of state norm.Compared with non-teacher population,middle-aged teachers need special attention to their psychological health.

关键词(KeyWords): 心理学;中年教师;强迫;偏执行为
psychology;middle-aged teacher;coercion;paranoid behavior

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基金项目(Foundation): 贵州省科学技术研究基金资助项目(970023)

作者(Author): 朱焱;邓冰;欧爱华;
ZHU Yan1,DENG Bing1,OU Aihua2 (1.School of Public Health,Guiyang Medical College,Guiyang 550004,Guizhou,China;2.Scientific Research Division,Guangzhou Chinese Traditional Medicine University,Guangzhou 510000,Guangdong,China)

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