贵州医科大学学报

2016, v.41;No.190(07) 800-805

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贵州省某高校大学新生身体形态发育指标及差异研究
The Study on Body Shape Index and Differences of the Freshmen in Certain University of Guizhou and Analysis of the Influence Factors

彭丹;邓冰;肖德卫;
PENG Dan;DENG Bing;XIAO Dewei;Center of University Student Psychological Health,Guizhou Medical University;School of Medical Humanatarian,Guizhou Medical University;Women and Children Health Hospital;

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探讨近年来大学新生体质健康有关指标的动态变化。方法:选取贵州省某高校2010年至2013年入学新生共5 915名,按照《中国学生体质健康调查研究手册》进行身体形态指标及营养状况的检测;将2010年身高、体重数据与《2010年中国学生体质与健康调研报告》的常模数据进行对比。结果:身高4年来各个年龄组有所增长,但增长趋势平缓,2010年汉族乡村男生、汉族城市女生、乡村女生身高均值都显著低于全国同类人群身高水平(P<0.01);男生的体重4年总体呈小幅增加的趋势,女生的体重增长趋势不明显,2010年该校汉族乡村男生、乡村女生体重均值显著低于全国汉族乡村男生、乡村女生体重均值(P<0.01);营养状况有明显的城乡差异(P<0.01),2013年城市男生营养不良率和肥胖率最高分别为25.0%和6.3%,2010年城市女生营养不良检出率最高为33.3%,2012年的城市女生肥胖检出率最高为2.8%。结论:贵州省某高校4年新生的身体形态和营养状况男女、城乡差异明显,与全国常模有差距。
Objective: To investigate the dynamic change of physical health index for the college freshmen. Method: 5 915 college freshmen were selected and checked by the body shape index and nutritional statues according to the 'Manual of the Chinese student's physical health investigation '. Statistics of freshmen were compared with the relative data of 'The Chinese Students Health Survey Report in 2010. Result: The freshmen have good body shape conditions and the development conforming to the general pattern: the height and weight have a trend that increasing year by year,but without big extent. Malnutrition rate was high,overweight,obesity increased by the year,in which men were more serious than women,urban was severer then rural. Conclusion: The differences of body shape and nutritional status among the students during the four years were significant,between men and women,urban and rural. Influenced by the individual knowledge,environment,life-style,the college student body health should be paid more attention. More education and investment should be provided to improve the body health level comprehensively.

关键词(KeyWords): 大学生;身高;体重;营养状况;营养调查
college freshmen;body height;body weight;nutritional statues;nutrition surveys

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作者(Author): 彭丹;邓冰;肖德卫;
PENG Dan;DENG Bing;XIAO Dewei;Center of University Student Psychological Health,Guizhou Medical University;School of Medical Humanatarian,Guizhou Medical University;Women and Children Health Hospital;

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